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ACCASC

Introduction Course to Restoration of Classic Vehicles



Objective
Provide participants with information to build the knowledge necessary for proper use, in the Professional Training Courses, in Restoration of Classic Vehicles, in the modalities: Mechanics, Body-work, Painting, Electrical, Tapestry and Woodwork;

Participant's Profile
Young people between 18 and 23 years of age, educated or studying in public schools and with family income of up to 3 minimum wages;

Program
Presentation of the Specialties of Restoration of Classic Vehicles:

Body-shop:
- Presentation of the basics of the recovery process of the automotive body;
- Presentation of necessary tool for the recovery of bodies;
- Study of the main types of existing bodies;
- The process of treating plates against corrosion;
- Notion of body adjustment;

Preparation and Painting of the Body:
- Presentation of the basics of the preparation and painting process of automotive body;
- Presentation of necessary tools for the preparation and painting of the body;
- Presentation of materials used in the preparation and painting of bodies;
- Notions of body assembly;

Automotive Mechanics:
- Presentation of the internal combustion engine and its component parts;
- Operation principles of the internal combustion engine;
- Engines: Otto Cycle; Diesel cycle; Two-Stroke among others;

Gearbox:
- Presentation of the manual gearbox with its elements;
- Operation principle of the manual gearbox;
- Presentation of the automatic gearbox;
- Presentation of other types of Gearboxes;

Clutch Assembly:
- Presentation of its elements;
- Operating principle;

Differential Set:
- Presentation of the differential's elements;
- The operating principle of the differential;
- Differential types;
- The cardan shaft;
- The drive shaft for the wheels;

Brake System:
- Presentation of elements that make up the brake;
- The operation principles of the system;
- Types of brake system;

The Suspension Set:
- Presentation of suspension types;
- Operation of suspension systems;

Steering System:
- Presentation of elements that make up a steering system;
- The operating principle of the steering system;
- Types of steering system;

Wheels and Tires:
- Presentation of various types of wheels and tires that have been used, showing their evolution over time;

Automotive Electricity:
- Notions of basic electricity;
- Presentation of the loading and startup system;
- Presentation of the lighting and signaling system;

Study of Types of Bodies:
- Presentation of different types of bodies;

Vehicle Woodwork:
- Study of types of wood structure;
- Type of wood applied to each structure;
- Presentation of the tool used in the woodwork;

Automotive Tapestry:
- Study of various trends according to the time;
- Study of materials applied in tapestries;
- Presentation of manufacturing techniques;
- Presentation of the tool used in tapestry;

History of the Automobile and Its Evolution:
1900s
The car of the early twentieth century still inherits a strong influence from the period of the carriages; Sample of body configurations used in the period;
The Art Noveau movement dictates the aesthetic rules, including in automobiles;
The moment is for experimentation in the automotive world, when independent inventors present some of the most exotic vehicles in history;
The process of artisan and semi-craft production and the custom of ordering special bodies for independent builders;
Cars powered by steam and electricity divide the streets with those driven by internal combustion engines; It is not yet known which of the technologies will dominate;
Mercedes Simplex is born, which establishes itself as an important reference to be copied by its competitors;
Henry Ford introduces his Model T;

1910s
The "Brass Era" continued until about 1914;
The bodies are constructed from a wooden structure usually coated in steel or aluminum and require highly specialized workmanship;
Cyclecars arise;
Henry Ford implements the mobile assembly line, which has as one of its characteristics the reduction of use of specialized labor and reduction of production costs; To inaugurate the system he chooses his Model T, which helps put America and the world on wheels;
World War I broke out; The role of the automobile in the conflict;
The car begins to turn a fever and inspires even artistic manifestations;
After the conflict, the car is heading for a period of consolidation of its industry and begins to acquire its own language, increasingly distanced from the carriages that inspired them;

1920s
The great economic prosperity of the United States in the 1920 and political extremism in European countries;
The apex of the Ford Model T production and its replacement by Model A;
The reflexes of the beginning of the automobile massification to society;
Technological advances, the beginning of the "Radio Era" and its influence on society;
Charleston, Flappers and the Jazz Age;
The "Dry Law" in the USA and the proliferation of organized crime;
The production of popular models like the Austin Seven and Peugeot Quadrilette;
The use of wood as a structural element of the car bodies begins to give way to fully metallic bodies;
The appearance of the DUCO paint shortens the drying time in the production line;
Henry Ford and Alfred P; Sloan: different views on the production and sale of automobiles;
Paul Jaray lays the groundwork for automotive aerodynamics;
The collapse of the New York Stock Exchange in October 1929 changes the face of the USA and world economy;

1930s
The Great Depression of 1930s and the bankruptcy of countless small luxury car manufacturers;
The influence of the Art Deco movement on the design of automobiles and the emergence of the Streamline Design style, which "streamlines" cars, making them more attractive and stimulating the economy of consumption;
In the US, the Chrysler Airflow and the Lincoln Zephyr show the way for more aerodynamic series cars;
In France, Citroën presents the Traction Avant, the first self-supporting car produced in series in history;
The appearance of KDF Wagen in 1938, in Nazi Germany;
Fisher Body Co; presents the "Turret Top", allowing for the first time the use of the all-steel roof on production cars;
Independent bodybuilders like Figoni & Falaschi and Bohlman & Schwartz develop some of the most exotic bodies of all times;
Japanese manufacturers Toyota and Datsun are born;
World War II begins in Europe;

1940s
The Second World War and the redirection of the automobile industry to the war effort in the first half of the decade;
The rationing of oil and raw materials imposed by war;
The birth of the Jeep, result of war effort;
The American automobile in the second half of 1940s: Growing and more comfortable;
The car in Europe: Small and economical cars;
Tail-fin is born, known in Brazil as "fish tail";
The Ford Customline saves the brand of bankruptcy in the US;
The brands Ferrari, Porsche, SAAB, and Land Rover are born;
Jaguar launches one of its greatest classics, XK 120;
Tucker Torpedo: Its advances and premature disappearance;
The evolution in the production processes and design of bodies;

1950s
The US economic boom is reflected in the opulence and extravagance of its cars, fruits of an era of optimism, money and dreams of the future;
The rise of American popular culture;
The Tail-ends of Harley Earl and Virgyll Exner;
The Dagmars (ogival bumper claws);
Rock-and-Roll is born inspired by automobiles;
The post-war economic recovery of Europe, with the construction of small and economical cars, accentuating the difference between the American and European concepts of what a car should look like;
The evolution in the production processes and design of bodies;
Hollywood promotes and influences the American auto industry;
The popularization of the automatic gearbox in the USA;
General Motors introduces the first production car produced in fiberglass, the Corvette;
Citroën revolutionizes the automotive world by launching its unprecedented DS 19;
Fiat presents its ultra-compact 500;
BMC introduces its revolutionary Mini, the first to adopt the front transverse engine;

1960s
The Vietnam War, pop culture, counter-culture, music, economics, politics and its influence on the world of the automobile;
The end of the tail-fins (fish tails) and beginning of use of straight lines in the bodies;
The first counterattack of the US auto industry in response to the beginning of the invasion of Japanese and European brands;
The controversy generated by Ralph Nader, Chevrolet Corvair and the beginning of consumer rights;
The emergence of the Ford Mustang and its strong influence in the automotive industry;
Pony-cars and Muscle-cars, American milestones in the sport's sector;
The Italian sport's cars and the appearance of Lamborghini;
The Porsche features 911 and Jaguar Type E;
NSU, a car with revolutionary mechanics and design ahead of its time;
Renault 16 and the beginning of the successful trajectory of hatchbacks;
Honda enters the automotive business;
The first boom of the Brazilian auto industry;
The military regime in Brazil and its influence on the automobile industry;
The trajectory of Willys-Overland, Vemag and Simca, the models designed for Brazil and its absorption by the brands Ford, Volkswagen, and Chrysler;
General Motors invests in its first automobile made in Brazil, Opala;

1970s
The oil crises and its strong impact on the North American and world auto industry;
The AMC Gremlin, Chevrolet Vega and Ford Pinto models mark the start of a new US offensive against the invasion of Japanese and European models;
The era of downsizing in American models;
The space race between US and USSR places lunar jeeps on the surface of the Moon;
The arrival of Chevette and the beginning of expansion of the line of Chevrolet models manufactured in Brazil;
The Italian Fiat arrives in Brazil with a model derived from 127;
Golf, Passat and Scirocco, the brand of Italdesign, Giorgetto Giugiaro and Aldo Mantovani in Volkswagen become reference;
Brazil's Volkswagen do Brasil launches models such as Brasília and SP2, milestones of national capacity in the development of new models;
The decade sees the rise and fall of Brazil's Chrysler and its V8 models based on the American Dart line;
The Brazilian Alfa-Romeo, unique of the Cuore Sportivo brand manufactured outside Italy, suffered in the period its greater evolution;
The evolution in the production processes and design of bodies;;

1980s
The technological advances of the period (Air-bags, Cd-players, space shuttle, personal computers, etc.);
Politics, the economy and its influences in Brazil and the world ("diretas já", hyperinflation, the fall of the Berlin Wall, the massacre of the Tienan Square);
The Trabant as a symbol of the delay and bankruptcy of a regime;
The first Japanese brand of automobiles to be installed on American soil and the historic Toyota-GM agreement; "Toyotism" replaces "Fordism" as a paradigm to be followed by industry;
The Chrysler crisis and its revival at the hands of Lee Iacocca, the "K" platform and the minivans;
Renault Espace and Chrysler Caravan, protagonists of a new era and the appearance of a new category, the minivans;
The unsuccessful dream of John Zacary De Lorean and the production process employed in DMC 12;
Yugo and its attempt to impose itself in the American market;
Fiat Panda and Fiat Uno, historical examples of the competence of Italdesign and its protagonists, Giorgetto Giugiaro and Aldo Mantovani;
Lamborghini's brief foray into the utilities' market;
Brazilian Fiat exports to the parent company;
Audi Quattro, Porsche 959, Ferrari F-40, VW Bus T3, BMW E-30, E-34 and E-31, Jeep Cherokee: Landmarks of the automotive industry;
The Pontiac Fiero and its exotic production process;
The Ford Taurus and its historic leadership of the US sedan market, facing Honda and Toyota;
Brazil: The world's largest producer of off-series vehicles; The era of fiberglass;
World cars in Brazil: Escort and Monza change the paradigms in their category;
The goal of Volkswagen debuts with the mission to replace Fusca [Beetle];
Gurgel launches BR-800, the first fully-produced Brazilian serial vehicle;

1990s
Graphic computation and virtual reality show the way of new car projects;
Mobile phones and the Internet revolutionize communications and the information age is consolidated;
SUVs and extreme sports indicate behavioral changes in consumers;
Honda/Acura NSX and the first body built entirely in aluminum;
Chrysler surprises the world with the daring launches of the Dodge Viper and Plymouth Prowler;
Ford points out new roads for design with its New Edge Design;
Renault innovates with its urban monopoly Twingo and presents its own minivan, Scénic, that also happens to be produced in Brazil;
The controversial design of the American Chris Bangle is presented to the world through Fiat Coupé;
Walter de Silva breathes new life into the Alfa-Romeo brand with model 156;
Mercedes-Benz introduces its SLK, a hard-top convertible, after Honda launches DelSol, where a robot picks up the aluminum roof and stores it in the trunk;
In an unusual association between a wristwatch manufacturer and an automaker, SMART is born, pointing the way to the urban cars of the future;
The "retro" wave takes over the auto industry from the Volkswagen New Beetle;
The gloomy end of Gurgel kills the hope of a genuinely Brazilian brand;
In Brazil imports are reopened at the beginning of the decade, leading to a total revolution in the local industry from the end of the 1990s, when the so-called New Commers, such as Honda, Toyota and Renault, began to arrive;


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